Boarding the Train for War

"Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon of Philadelphia" (T. Sinclair's Lithography, ca. 1861-65; Library of Congress)
“Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon of Philadelphia” (T. Sinclair’s Lithography, ca. 1861-65; Library of Congress)

The Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad station at Washington and Broad Streets in Philadelphia was the great embarkation point for Union troops from the northeastern states heading south to fight in the Civil War. This print by artist James Fuller Queen (1820 (21?)-1886) shows Union troops arriving from New Jersey by Delaware River ferries. They march in formation toward the southwest corner of Swanson and Washington avenues, where they are served food and drink at the Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, organized by local grocer Barzilia S. Brown in 1861, and cheered on by Philadelphians, who have lined up to watch.

After they eat, the troops board PW&B coaches, which take them across the Gray’s Ferry Bridge, past the Newkirk Monument, and southward to war.

Source: Library of Congress